Types of employment and their associations with work characteristics and health in Swedish women and men

Asa Samuelsson*, Inge Houkes, Petra Verdonk, Anne Hammarstrom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aim: To investigate whether type of employment was related to work characteristics and health status at age 42 adjusted for health status at age 30 and whether gender moderates the associations. Methods: Questionnaire data was used from a 27-year follow-up study of school-leavers carried out in Lulea in the north of Sweden (response rate 94%). The study population consisted of 877 (47.8% women) working respondents. Data were analysed by means of t-tests, ANOVAs, and multiple linear regression analyses. Results: Men were more often self-employed, while more women had temporary types of employment. Moreover, men reported more control over work and less emotional exhaustion than women. Compared to permanently employed, self-employed (men and women) perceived more control over work and better health status (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


  • Emotional exhaustion
  • gender
  • job control
  • job demands
  • self-reported health
  • social support
  • type of employment

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