Two-year clinical follow-up of the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in The Netherlands (MR CLEAN): design and statistical analysis plan of the extended follow-up study

Lucie A. van den Berg*, Marcel G. W. Dijkgraaf, Olvert A. Berkhemer, Puck S. S. Fransen, Debbie Beumer, Hester Lingsma, Charles B. M. Majoie, Diederik W. J. Dippel, Aad J. van der Lugt, Robert J. van Oostenbrugge, Wim H. van Zwam, Yvo B. W. E. M. Roos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Background: MR CLEAN was the first randomized trial to demonstrate the short-term clinical effectiveness of endovascular treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation. Several other trials confirmed that endovascular treatment improves clinical outcome at three months. However, limited data are available on long-term clinical outcome. We aimed to estimate the effect of endovascular treatment on functional outcome at two-year follow-up in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Secondly, we aimed to assess the effect of endovascular treatment on major vascular events and mortality during two years of follow-up. Methods: MR CLEAN is a multicenter clinical trial with randomized treatment allocation, open-label treatment, and blinded endpoint evaluation. Patients included were 18 years or older with acute ischemic stroke caused by a proven anterior proximal artery occlusion who could be treated within six hours after stroke onset. The intervention contrast was endovascular treatment and usual care versus no endovascular treatment and usual care. The current study extended the follow-up duration from three months to two years. The primary outcome is the score on the modified Rankin scale at two years. Secondary outcomes include all-cause mortality and the occurrence of major vascular events within two years of follow-up. Discussion: The results of our study provide information on the long-term clinical effectiveness of endovascular treatment, which may have implications for individual treatment decisions and estimates of cost-effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Article number555
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2016


  • Intravenous thrombolysis
  • Endovascular treatment
  • Acute ischemic stroke
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Mechanical thrombectomy

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