Two charters and a pillar: The slow constitutionalization of social rights in European law

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


This chapter retraces the post-enlargement trajectory of the protection of fundamental social rights in Europe. The chapter selects three years that signpost this trajectory: 2000, when the EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights was adopted, with the inclusion of a social rights chapter; 2009, when the Lisbon Treaty seemed to contain a renewed promise of social progress in the Union; and 2017, when the European Union launched a European Pillar of Social Rights, as part of an effort to revitalize the social protection agenda of the European Union after the disappointing post-Lisbon years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConstitutionalism under Stress
Subtitle of host publicationEssays in Honour of Wojciech Sadurski
EditorsUladislau Belavusau, Aleksandra Gliszczynska-Grabas
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)978-0198864738
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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