Tuberculosis stigma as a social determinant of health: a systematic mapping review of research in low incidence countries

G. M. Craig*, A. Daftary, N. Engel, S. O'Driscoll, A. Ioannaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

89 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB)-related stigma is an important social determinant of health. Research generally highlights how stigma can have a considerable impact on individuals and communities, including delays in seeking health care and adherence to treatment. There is scant research into the assessment of TB-related stigma in low incidence countries. This study aimed to systematically map out the research into stigma. A particular emphasis was placed on the methods employed to measure stigma, the conceptual frameworks used to understand stigma, and whether structural factors were theorized. Twenty-two studies were identified; the majority adopted a qualitative approach and aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about TB. Few studies included stigma as a substantive topic. Only one study aimed to reduce stigma. A number of studies suggested that TB control measures and representations of migrants in the media reporting of TB were implicated in the production of stigma. The paucity of conceptual models and theories about how the social and structural determinants intersect with stigma was apparent. Future interventions to reduce stigma, and measurements of effectiveness, would benefit from a stronger theoretical underpinning in relation to TB stigma and the intersection between the social and structural determinants of health. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Tuberculosis
  • Stigma
  • Migrants
  • Low incidence
  • Social determinantsof health
  • Marginalization
  • Discrimination
  • Health care
  • URBAN RISK GROUPS
  • QUALITATIVE INTERVIEW
  • INTERNALIZED STIGMA
  • INFECTIOUS-DISEASES
  • MENTAL-DISORDERS
  • UNITED-KINGDOM
  • SOUTH-AFRICA
  • CAPE-TOWN
  • HIV
  • DISCRIMINATION

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