TROG 15.03 phase II clinical trial of Focal Ablative STereotactic Radiosurgery for Cancers of the Kidney: FASTRACK II

Shankar Siva*, Brent Chesson, Mathias Bressel, David Pryor, Braden Higgs, Hayley M. Reynolds, Nicholas Hardcastle, Rebecca Montgomery, Ben Vanneste, Vincent Khoo, Jeremy Ruben, Eddie Lau, Michael S. Hofman, Richard De Abreu Lourenco, Swetha Sridharan, Nicholas R. Brook, Jarad Martin, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Tomas Kron, Farshad Foroudi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BackgroundStereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) is a non-invasive alternative to surgery to control primary renal cell cancer (RCC) in patients that are medically inoperable or at high-risk of post-surgical dialysis. The objective of the FASTRACK II clinical trial is to investigate the efficacy of SABR for primary RCC.MethodsFASTRACK II is a single arm, multi-institutional phase II study. Seventy patients will be recruited over 3years and followed for a total of 5years. Eligible patients must have a biopsy confirmed diagnosis of primary RCC with a single lesion within a kidney, have ECOG performance 2 and be medically inoperable, high risk or decline surgery. Radiotherapy treatment planning is undertaken using four dimensional CT scanning to incorporate the impact of respiratory motion. Treatment must be delivered using a conformal or intensity modulated technique including IMRT, VMAT, Cyberknife or Tomotherapy. The trial includes two alternate fractionation schedules based on tumour size: for tumours 4cm in maximum diameter a single fraction of 26Gy is delivered; and for tumours >4cm in maximum diameter 42Gy in three fractions is delivered. The primary outcome of the study is to estimate the efficacy of SABR for primary RCC. Secondary objectives include estimating tolerability, characterising overall survival and cancer specific survival, estimating the distant failure rate, describing toxicity and renal function changes after SABR, and assessment of cost-effectiveness of SABR compared with current therapies.DiscussionThe present study design allows for multicentre prospective validation of the efficacy of SABR for primary RCC that has been observed from prior single institutional and retrospective series. The study also allows assessment of treatment related toxicity, overall survival, cancer specific survival, freedom from distant failure and renal function post therapy.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.govNCT02613819, registered Nov 25th 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1030
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Cancer
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2018


  • SBRT
  • SABR
  • RCC
  • Metastases
  • Kidney
  • Adrenal
  • Ablation
  • Nephrectomy


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