Purpose To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasy (DMEK) versus Ultrathin Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (UT-DSAEK). Methods A cost-effectiveness analysis using data from a multicenter randomized clinical trial was performed. The time horizon was 12 months postoperatively. Patients with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy were randomized to DMEK (n = 29) or UT-DSAEK (n = 24). Relevant resources from healthcare and societal perspectives were included in the cost analysis. Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) were determined using the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) and the EuroQol EQ-5D-5L questionnaires. The main outcome was the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER; incremental societal costs per QALY). Results Societal costs averaged euro8851 (US$11 406) for DMEK and euro8320 (US$10 722) for UT-DSAEK. Higher costs in the DMEK group were mainly caused by higher rebubbling and regraft rates (21% and 7%, vs. 4% and 0% in the UT-DSAEK group). HUI3 QALYs were 0.70 (DMEK) and 0.79 (UT-DSAEK). EQ-5D-5L QALYs were 0.83 (DMEK) and 0.86 (UT-DSAEK). The ICER indicated DMEK was dominated by UT-DSAEK in both analyses. The cost-effectiveness probability for DMEK ranged from 21% to 5% (HUI3 QALYs) and 27%-14% (EQ-5D-5L QALYs), assuming the maximum acceptable ICER ranged from euro2500 to euro80.000 (US$3222-US$103 093) per QALY. Conclusion The base case cost-effectiveness analysis favoured UT-DSAEK over DMEK, as costs of DMEK were higher while QALYs were lower. Further studies are required to assess long-term rebubbling and regraft rates and graft survival.
|Number of pages||11|
|Early online date||1 Oct 2022|
|Publication status||Published - May 2023|
- corneal transplantation
- Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy
- PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY