Trends in the Occurrence of New Conduction Abnormalities After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Robert M. A. van der Boon, Patrick Houthuizen, Marina Urena, Thomas T. Poels, Nicolas M. van Mieghem, Guus R. G. Brueren, Sibel Altintas, Rutger Jan Nuis, Patrick W. Serruys, Leen A. F. M. van Garsse, Ron T. van Domburg, Joseph Rodes Cabau, Peter P. T. de Jaegere, Frits W. Prinzen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate trends over time in the occurrence of left bundle branch block (LBBB) and permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the Medtronic CoreValve System (MCS) and Edwards SAPIEN Valve (ESV). Background: TAVI-induced conduction abnormalities (TAVI-CAs) such as LBBB and the need for PPI are frequent postoperative complication. New techniques, procedural refinements, and increased awareness are focused on the reduction of these abnormalities. MethodsElectrocardiograms of 549 patients without preprocedural LBBB and/or pacemaker were assessed to determine the frequency and nature of TAVI-CAs. To study the effect of experience, patients were subdivided per center into tertiles based on the number of procedures. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to study predictors of TAVI-induced LBBB (TAVI-LBBB) and PPI. ResultsTAVI-LBBB occurred in 185 patients (33.7%) and significantly decreased over time, from 42.6% to 27.3% (P=0.006). This effect was only significant after implantation of the MCS (59.6% vs. 46.5% vs. 31.1%, P=0.001, ESV: 22.6% vs. 13.1% vs. 24.8%, P=0.11). Between tertiles there was no difference in the frequency of PPI after TAVI (n=73, 13.1% vs. 14.8% vs. 12%, P=0.74). Multivariate analysis revealed that, independent from valve type, depth of implantation was the only significant predictor of TAVI-LBBB (OR [95% C.I.]: 1.16 [1.10-1.24], P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-152
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular interventions
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

Keywords

  • transcatheter aortic valve implantation
  • permanent pacemaker implantation
  • left bundle branch block

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