In the early 1970s, a few computer companies began to form partnerships with other firms in the international computer industry for the purpose of sharing research and development (R&D) resources. This trend did not take hold in a meaningful way until the beginning of the 1980s. Our study focuses on this particular sector because it represents a major industry in which interfirm R&D partnering occurs.
Hagedoorn, J., Cloodt, M. M. A. H., & Roijakkers, A. H. W. M. (2006). Trends and patterns in interfirm R & D networks in the global computer industry: An analysis of major developments, 1970-1999. Business History Review, 80(4), 725-746. https://doi.org/10.2307/25097267