Treatment of Types II-IV Endo leaks by Injecting Biocompatible Elastomer (PDMS) in the Aneurysm Sac: An In Vitro Study

Willem-Maarten P. F. Bosman*, Jan-Willem Hinnen, Tim J. van der Steenhoven, Alexander C. de Vries, Hans L. F. Brom, Michael J. Jacobs, Jaap F. Hamming

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate if an elastomer [polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)1 can be used to effectively treat endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Methods: A latex aneurysm (36-mm inner diameter sac, 15-mm inner diameter neck) was attached to an in vitro circulation model. The aneurysm was excluded from the circulation by placing an unstented polyester graft. Endo leak types II-IV were created using different setups. While the circulation setup running, the aneurysm was filled with contrast medium and then the biocompatible PDMS elastomer was injected to exclude the endoleaks and the perigraft area. The sac was considered full when all contrast was pushed out of the sac and the elastomer flowed into the proximal efferent lumbar artery. Treatment was successful when the aneurysm was free of endoleak after control angiography. Results: The endoleaks were created successfully in the latex aneurysm models, with contrast present in the sac before "treatment." After elastomer sac filling, all endoleaks were successfully excluded on angiography; there was no leakage of contrast outside the graft lumen in any of the setups. With the type Ill endoleak, the disruption in the graft material was sealed by the elastomer, while the entire porous graft was encased in elastomer in the type IV endoleak setup. There was no elastomer within the graft lumen in either case. Conclusions: This concept of filling the aneurysm sac with PDMS may lead to a percutaneous treatment for endoleaks. While the results of this study show that PDMS may be used to treat endoleaks in vitro, further tests are required to determine if this approach is suitable in vivo. J Endovasc Ther. 2011;18:205-213
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-213
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • endoleak
  • endovascular aneurysm repair
  • in vitro study
  • elastomer
  • polydimethylsiloxane
  • sac filling
  • aortic customize

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