Traumatic stress, brain changes and memory deficits: a critical note

M. Jelicic*, H. Merckelbach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Memory deficits are frequently observed in posttraumatic stress disorder. According to some authors, these memory impairments are a result of hippocampal damage caused by traumatic stress. This article contains a critical review of studies on changes in hippocampal volume and memory performance in posttraumatic stress disorder. We conclude that most studies in this area suffer from methodological weaknesses and therefore do no allow for firm conclusions about the causal linkage among traumatic stress, hippocampal functioning, and memory. Suggestions for future research, circumventing methodological flaws, are given.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-553
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004


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