Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively transvaginal posterior colporrhaphy (TPC), combined with laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVR), in patients with a symptomatic isolated rectocele. Method: Patients with these complaints underwent dynamic and static MRI. All consecutive patients with a grade III (4 or more cm) rectocele and without internal/external rectal prolapse, enterocele and external sphincter damage were operated on. The patients completed the Obstructed Defecation (ODS) Score system and the Cleveland clinic incontinence (CCIS) score. All tests were repeated after treatment. Dynamic disorders of the pelvic floor detected by MRI were recorded. Results: In 27 patients (median age 67 (46-73) years, TPC combined with LVR was feasible. Complications were limited to port site infection in two patients. Sexual discomfort due to prolapse diminished in six (75%) patients and in one (4%) de novo dyspareunia developed after treatment. The median follow up was 12 (10-18) months. The median CCIS was 12 (10-16) before treatment and 8 (7-10) after (p<0.0001). The median ODS was 19 (17-23) before and 6 (3-10) after treatment (p < 0.0001). There was no change in urinary symptoms. Conclusion: TPC combined with LVR for obstructed defaecation and faecal incontinence in patients with grade III rectocele significantly relieves the symptoms of these disorders. (c) 2012 The Authors Colorectal Disease (c) 2012 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
- OBSTRUCTED DEFECATION SYNDROME
- INTERNAL RECTAL PROLAPSE
- COMPLEX RECTOCELE
- TRANSANAL REPAIR
- SEXUAL FUNCTION