Training novice robot surgeons: Proctoring provides same results as simulator-generated guidance

A. J. W. Beulens*, Y. A. F. Hashish, W. M. Brinkman, P. Umari, S. Puliatti, E. L. Koldewijn, A. J. M. Hendrikx, J. P. van Basten, J. J. G. van Merrienboer, H. G. Van der Poel, C. H. Bangma, C. Wagner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-428
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Issue number3
Early online date10 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Training
  • Robot assisted surgery
  • Assessment
  • Robotics
  • Education
  • TIME

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