Towards New Robust Zn(II) Complexes for the Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide Under Industrially Relevant Conditions

Pascal M. Schaefer, Katja Dankhoff, Matthias Rothemund, Agnieszka N. Ksiazkiewicz, Andrij Pich, Rainer Schobert, Birgit Weber*, Sonja Herres-Pawlis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The synthesis of bio-based and biodegradable plastics is a hot topic in research due to growing environmental problems caused by omnipresent plastics. As a result, polylactide, which has been known for years, has seen a tremendous increase in industrial production. Nevertheless, the manufacturing process using the toxic catalyst Sn(Oct)(2) is very critical. As an alternative, five zinc acetate complexes have been synthesized with Schiff base-like ligands that exhibit high activity in the ring-opening polymerization of non-purified lactide. The systems bear different side arms in the ligand scaffold. The influence of these substituents has been analyzed. For a detailed description of the catalytic activities, the rate constants k(app) and k(p) were determined using in-situ Raman spectroscopy at a temperature of 150 degrees C. The polymers produced have molar masses of up to 71 000 g mol(-1) and are therefore suitable for a variety of applications. Toxicity measurements carried out for these complexes proved the nontoxicity of the systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1020-1026
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry Open
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • polylactide
  • catalysis
  • biobased materials
  • sustainable chemistry
  • ring-opening polymerization
  • ZINC-COMPLEXES
  • ISOSELECTIVE POLYMERIZATION
  • CATIONIC-POLYMERIZATION
  • CATALYTIC-ACTIVITY
  • SALAN LIGANDS
  • CYCLIC ESTERS
  • POLYLACTONES
  • MECHANISM
  • MAGNESIUM
  • ZIRCONIUM

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