Toward Shared Decision Making: Using the OPTION Scale to Analyze Resident-Patient Consultations in Family Medicine

Marc-Andre Pellerin, Glyn Elwyn, Michel Rousseau, Dawn Stacey, Hubert Robitaille, France Legare*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Web of Science)


Do residents in family medicine practice share decision making with patients during consultations? This study used a validated scale to score family medicine residents' shared decision-making (SDM) skills in primary care consultations and to determine whether residents' demographic characteristics were correlated with their scores.Between January 2009 and April 2010 at two Canadian academic health centers, the authors recruited unique dyads of patients consulting in primary care and family medicine residents. They recorded, transcribed, and assessed consultations using the Observing Patient Involvement in Decision Making (OPTION) scale, which measures 12 SDM-specific behaviors on a scale of 0% to 100% (high score = better SDM). They calculated descriptive and inferential statistics for the scores.From 212 eligible residents, the authors recruited 152 unique patient-resident dyads (participation rate = 75%): 68 dyads from 13 clinics in London, Ontario, and 84 from six family medicine units in Quebec City, Quebec. The mean global OPTION score was 24% ? 8%; the mean score for each of the 12 items ranged from 4% to 37%. Five of the 12 behaviors obtained a mean score below "a minimal attempt is made to exhibit the behavior" (i.e.,
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1010-1018
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Cite this