Toward high-content screening of mitochondrial morphology and membrane potential in living cells

E.F. Iannetti, P.H. Willems, M. Pellegrini, J. Beyrath, J.A. Smeitink, Lionel Blanchet, W.J. Koopman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Mitochondria are double membrane organelles involved in various key cellular processes. Governed by dedicated protein machinery, mitochondria move and continuously fuse and divide. These "mitochondrial dynamics" are bi-directionally linked to mitochondrial and cell functional state in space and time. Due to the action of the electron transport chain (ETC), the mitochondrial inner membrane displays a inside-negative membrane potential (Deltapsi). The latter is considered a functional readout of mitochondrial "health" and required to sustain normal mitochondrial ATP production and mitochondrial fusion. During the last decade, live-cell microscopy strategies were developed for simultaneous quantification of Deltapsi and mitochondrial morphology. This revealed that ETC dysfunction, changes in Deltapsi and aberrations in mitochondrial structure often occur in parallel, suggesting they are linked potential targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we discuss how combining high-content and high-throughput strategies can be used for analysis of genetic and/or drug-induced effects at the level of individual organelles, cells and cell populations. This article is part of a Directed Issue entitled: Energy Metabolism Disorders and Therapies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-70
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Mitochondrial pathophysiology
  • TMRM
  • Data mining
  • Machine learning
  • Multivariate analysis
  • OXIDATIVE-PHOSPHORYLATION
  • FUSION
  • DYNAMICS
  • QUANTIFICATION
  • BIOENERGETICS
  • DEGRADATION
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • DEFICIENCY
  • MUTATIONS
  • AUTOPHAGY

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