Toward a Partnership in the Transition from Home to a Nursing Home: The TRANSCIT Model

L. Groenvynck*, B. de Boer, J.P.H. Hamers, T. van Achterberg, E. van Rossum, H. Verbeek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The transition from home to a nursing home can be stressful and traumatic for both older persons and informal caregivers and is often associated with negative outcomes. Additionally, transitional care interventions often lack a comprehensive approach, possibly leading to fragmented care. To avoid this fragmentation and to optimize transitional care, a comprehensive and theory-based model is fundamental. It should include the needs of both older persons and informal caregivers. Therefore, this study, conducted within the European TRANS-SENIOR research consortium, proposes a model to optimize the transition from home to a nursing home, based on the experiences of older persons and informal caregivers. These experiences were captured by conducting a literature review with relevant literature retrieved from the databases CINAHL and PubMed. Studies were included if older persons and/or informal caregivers identified the experiences, needs, barriers, or facilitators during the transition from home to a nursing home. Subsequently, the data extracted from the included studies were mapped to the different stages of transition (pre-transition, mid-transition, and post-transition), creating the TRANSCIT model. Finally, results were discussed with an expert panel, leading to a final proposed TRANSCIT model.The TRANSCIT model identified that older people and informal caregivers expressed an overall need for partnership during the transition from home to a nursing home. Moreover, it identified 4 key components throughout the transition trajectory (ie, pre-, mid-, and post-transition): (1) support, (2) communication, (3) information, and (4) time.The TRANSCIT model could advise policy makers, practitioners, and researchers on the development and evaluation of (future) transitional care interventions. It can be a guideline reckoning the needs of older people and their informal caregivers, emphasizing the need for a partnership, consequently reducing fragmentation in transitional care and optimizing the transition from home to a nursing home. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


  • Transitional care
  • nursing home
  • care needs
  • older people
  • informal caregivers

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