To what extent are perfusion defects seen by myocardial perfusion SPECT in patients with left bundle branch block related to myocardial infarction, ECG characteristics, and myocardial wall motion?

Fredrik Hedeer, Ellen Ostenfeld, Bo Heden, Frits W. Prinzen, Hakan Arheden, Marcus Carlsson, Henrik Engblom*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Introduction We investigated if uptake pattern on myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) is related to myocardial fibrosis, myocardial wall motion, and electrocardiography (ECG) characteristics. Methods Twenty-three patients (9 women) with LBBB, examined with MPS and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), were included. Tracer uptake on MPS was classified by visual interpretation as typical LBBB pattern (Defect+, n = 13) or not (Defect-, n = 10) and quantitatively. CMR images were evaluated for wall thickness and for myocardial wall motion both by visual assessment and by regional myocardial radial strain from feature tracking, and for presence and location of myocardial fibrosis. ECGs were analyzed regarding QRS duration and the presence of strict criteria for LBBB. Results Wall thickness was slightly lower in the septum compared to the lateral wall in Defect+ patients (5.6 +/- 1.1 vs 6.0 +/- 1.3 mm, P = 0.03) but not in Defect- patients (5.6 +/- 1.0 vs 5.6 +/- 0.9 mm, P = 0.84). Defect+ patients showed a larger proportion of dyskinetic segments in the septum and hyperkinetic segments in the lateral wall compared to Defect- patients (P = 0.006 and P = 0.004, respectively). Decreased myocardial radial strain was associated with decreased tracer uptake by MPS (R = 0.37, P <0.001). Areas of fibrosis did not match areas with uptake defect on MPS. No differences in ECG variables were seen. Conclusion The heterogeneous regional tracer uptake in some patients with LBBB is related to underlying regional myocardial dyskinesia, wall thickening, and wall thickness rather than stress-induced ischemia, myocardial fibrosis, or specific ECG characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2910-2922
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume28
Issue number6
Early online date25 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Physiology of myocardial
  • coronary perfusion
  • physiology of LV
  • RV function
  • MRI
  • SPECT
  • gated SPECT
  • dyssynchrony
  • PHASE-ANALYSIS
  • QRS DURATION
  • ABNORMALITIES
  • CONTRACTION
  • THICKNESS
  • HEART

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