TLR2, TLR4 and TLR9 genotypes and haplotypes in the susceptibility to and clinical course of Chlamydia trachomatis infections in Dutch women

Stephan P. Verweij, Ouafae Karimi, Jolein Pleijster, Joseph M. Lyons, Henry J. C. de Vries, Jolande A. Land, Servaas A. Morre*, Sander Ouburg

*Corresponding author for this work

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Chlamydia trachomatis infections demonstrate remarkable differences in clinical course that are approximately 40% based on host genetic variation. Here, we study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their haplotypes in TLR2, TLR4 and TLR9 (TLR2+2477G > A; TLR2 -16934T > A; TLR4+896A > G; TLR9-1237T > C and TLR9 +2848G > A) in relation to the susceptibility to, and severity of C. trachomatis infections. We analysed the five SNPs in a cohort of 770 Dutch Caucasian women either attending a sexually transmitted diseases outpatient clinic (n = 731) or having complaints of subfertility (n = 39). Haplotype analyses showed a trend for TLR2 haplotype I (-16934T/+2477G) to protect against the development of symptoms and tubal pathology (P-trend = 0.03) after Chlamydia infection. In the susceptibility cohort, TLR9 haplotype III (-1237C/+2848A) showed a significant decreasing trend in the development of symptoms after C. trachomatis infection (P = 0.02, OR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.33-0.91). Logistic regression of the TLR2 haplotypes, TLR4+896A > G, and TLR9 haplotypes showed that the TLR2 haplotype combinations AG-TA and AG-TG confer risk (OR 3.4 (P = 0.01) and 1.6 (P = 0.03)), while the TLR9 haplotype combination TG-TA protects against C. trachomatis infections (OR: 0.4, P = 0.004). Our study shows that both TLR2 and TLR9 genes and SNP combinations do influence the clinical course of Chlamydia infections.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberftv107
JournalPathogens and Disease
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Toll-like receptors
  • Immunogenetics
  • Clinical outcome

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