Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) release after heparin stimulation is increased in Type 1 diabetic patients with albuminuria

P.B. Leurs*, R. van Oerle, K. Hamulyak, B.H.R. Wolffenbuttel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Maastricht, The Netherlands. [email protected]

AIMS: To study heparin-stimulated TFPI release in relation to complications in Type 1 diabetic patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nineteen uncomplicated Type 1 diabetic patients (group I) were compared with 18 patients with retinopathy (group II), and nine patients with retinopathy and albuminuria (group III). Blood samples were taken before (basal) and till 30 min after 5000 IU of heparin i.v. (post-heparin). TFPI activity was measured chromogenically. Von Willebrand factor, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and thrombomodulin were also measured. RESULTS: Basal TFPI activity was higher in group III (121 +/- 10%) compared with group II (111 +/- 8%) or group I (110 +/- 13%) (P < 0.05), and strongly correlated with albuminuria (r = 0.66, P < 0.05). At all time points after heparin administration, TFPI activity in group III was significantly higher than in group I. TFPI activity was also higher in group III than in group II 5-30 min post-heparin. The increase in post-heparin TFPI activity, measured as the incremental area under the curve, was higher in group III compared with group I (65 +/- 7 vs. 59 +/- 4; P < 0.05). Of the other parameters, only thrombomodulin was higher in group III (44 +/- 24 vs. 26 +/- 7 (group II) and 28 +/- 9 ng/ml (group I); P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that basal and post-heparin TFPI activity is increased in albuminuric patients. The increase in heparin-stimulated TFPI release in patients with albuminuria is higher than in patients with retinopathy or without complications. This could be the result of altered endothelial glycosaminoglycan characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


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