Tissue factor (:Factor VIIa) in the heart and vasculature: More than an envelope

E. D'Alessandro*, J. J. N. Posma, H. M. H. Spronk, H. ten Cate

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Blood coagulation comprises a complex cellular and molecular mechanism that maintains vascular integrity, protects against bleeding (hemostasis) and responds to injury. However, several elements of the coagulation system, including several coagulation factors and platelets, are also involved in other physiological and pathological processes. Tissue factor (TF) is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed in a vast variety of cell types and essential for hemostasis. Upon exposure of the TF-rich subendothelium to the blood stream, Factor VII (FVII) can bind to TF. TF subsequently facilitates the activation of FVII into activated FVII (FVIIa) thereby initiating the extrinsic coagulation pathway followed by the activation of FX and thrombin formation. Besides its hemostatic role in the vasculature, the TF: FVIIa pathway is active in many other compartments and organs where it can take part and mediate different physiological and pathological processes. The so-called non-hemostatic functions of TF: VIIa play a role in diverse processes such as inflammation, atherosclerosis and vascular and cardiac remodeling. This narrative review aims to reassess the most important and recent findings regarding the complex signaling pathways initiated by the TF: FVIIa complex, with an emphasis on the heart and blood vessels. Understanding how the mechanisms of TF: FVIIa signaling contribute to both physiological and pathological processes, is one of the keys to the development of new treatment strategies in cardiovascular disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume168
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Blood coagulation
  • Fibrosis
  • Heart
  • Inflammation
  • Tissue factor
  • FACTOR CYTOPLASMIC DOMAIN
  • PROTEASE-ACTIVATED RECEPTORS
  • ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH-FACTOR
  • FACTOR PATHWAY INHIBITOR
  • BLOOD-VESSEL FORMATION
  • ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION
  • FACTOR EXPRESSION
  • FACTOR XA
  • ARTERIAL THROMBOSIS
  • CARDIAC FIBROSIS

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