Tissue-engineered constructs: the effect of scaffold architecture in osteochondral repair

P. J. Emans*, E. J. P. Jansen, D. van Iersel, T. J. M. Welting, Tim B. F. Woodfield, S. K. Bulstra, J. Riesle, L. W. van Rhijn, R. Kuijer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Cartilage has a poor regenerative capacity. Tissue-engineering approaches using porous scaffolds seeded with chondrocytes may improve cartilage repair. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of pore size and pore interconnectivity on cartilage repair in osteochondral defects treated with different scaffolds seeded with allogenic chondrocytes. Scaffolds consisting of 55wt% poly(ethylene oxide terephthalate) and 45wt% poly(butylene terephthalate) (PEOT/PBT) with different pore sizes and interconnectivities were made, using a compression moulding (CM) and a three-dimensional fibre (3DF) deposition technique. In these scaffolds, allogenic chondrocytes were seeded, cultured for 3weeks and implanted in osteochondral defects of skeletally mature rabbits. At 3weeks no difference in cartilage repair between an empty osteochondral defect, CM or 3DF scaffolds was found. Three months post-implantation, cartilage repair was significantly improved after implantation of a 3DF scaffold compared to a CM scaffold. Although not significant, Mankin scores for osteoarthritis (OA) indicated less OA in the 3DF scaffold group compared to empty defects and CM-treated defects. It is concluded that scaffold pore size and pore interconnectivity influences osteochondral repair and a decreased pore interconnectivity seems to impair osteochondral repair.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-756
JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • cartilage
  • interconnectivity
  • porosity

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