Time allocation by the self-employed: the determinants of the number of working hours in start-ups

M.A. Carree*, I. Verheul

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article examines determinants of working hours by self-employed, explicitly discriminating between preference and productivity effects. A simple model of working hours is derived, not requiring expected profit data. The model is estimated using data from a dutch survey of 1350 start-ups. Outsourcing and number of employees appear related to both preference and productivity. The model has out-of-sample predictive power for the number of working hours.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1511-1515
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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