The vertex leafage of chordal graphs

Steven Chaplick*, Juraj Stacho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)


Every chordal graph G can be represented as the intersection graph of a collection of subtrees of a host tree, a so-called tree model of G. This representation is not necessarily unique. The leafage E(G) of a chordal graph G is the minimum number of leaves of the host tree of a tree model of G. The leafage is known to be polynomially computable. In this contribution, we introduce and study the vertex leafage. The vertex leafage vl(G) of a chordal graph G is the smallest number k such that there exists a tree model of G in which every subtree has at most k leaves. In particular, the case v(G) <= 2 coincides with the class of path graphs (vertex intersection graphs of paths in trees). We prove for every fixed k >= 3 that deciding whether the vertex leafage of a given chordal graph is at most k is NP-complete. In particular, we show that the problem is NP-complete on split graphs with vertex leafage of at most k+1. We further prove that it is NP-hard to find for a given split graph G (with vertex leafage at most three) a tree model with minimum total number leaves in all subtrees, or where maximum number of subtrees are paths. On the positive side, for chordal graphs of leafage at most e, we show that the vertex leafage can be calculated in time n (e). Finally, we prove that every chordal graph G admits a tree model that realizes both the leafage and the vertex leafage of G. Notably, for every path graph G, there exists a path model with E(G) leaves in the host tree and we describe an O(n(3)) time algorithm to compute such a path model. Crown Copyright (c) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-25
JournalDiscrete Applied Mathematics
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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