The value of septal rebound stretch analysis for the prediction of volumetric response to cardiac resynchronization therapy

Odette A. E. Salden*, Alwin Zweerink, Philippe Wouters, Cornelis P. Allaart, Bastiaan Geelhoed, Frederik J. de Lange, Alexander H. Maass, Michiel Rienstra, Kevin Vernooy, Marc A. Vos, Mathias Meine, Frits W. Prinzen, Maarten J. Cramer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Aims Patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) may be enhanced by evaluation of systolic myocardial stretching. We evaluate whether systolic septal rebound stretch (SRSsept) derived from speckle tracking echocardiography is a predictor of reverse remodelling after CRT and whether it holds additive predictive value over the simpler visual dyssynchrony assessment by apical rocking (ApRock).

Methods and results The association between SRSsept and change in left ventricular end-systolic volume (Delta LVESV) at 6 months of follow-up was assessed in 200 patients. Subsequently, the additive predictive value of SRSsept over the assessment of ApRock was evaluated in patients with and without left bundle branch block (LBBB) according to strict criteria. SRSsept was independently associated with Delta LVESV (beta 0.221, P = 0.002) after correction for sex, age, ischaemic cardiomyopathy, QRS morphology and duration, and ApRock. A high SRSsept (>= optimal cut-off value 2.4) also coincided with more volumetric responders (Delta LVESV >= -15%) than low SRSsept in the entire cohort (70.0% and 56.4%), in patients with strict LBBB (83.3% vs. 56.7%, P = 0.024), and non-LBBB (70.7% vs. 46.3%, P = 0.004). Moreover, in non-LBBB patients, SRSsept held additional predictive information over the assessment of ApRock alone since patients that showed ApRock and high SRSsept were more often volumetric responder than those with ApRock but low SRSsept (82.8% vs. 47.4%, P = 0.001).

Conclusion SRSsept is strongly associated with CRT-induced reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume and holds additive prognostic information over QRS morphology and ApRock. Our data suggest that CRT patient selection may be improved by assessment of SRSsept, especially in the important subgroup without strict LBBB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • left bundle branch block
  • dyssynchrony
  • echocardiography
  • strain

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