The urinary proteome as correlate and predictor of renal function in a population study

Yu-Mei Gu, Lutgarde Thijs, Yan-Ping Liu, Zhenyu Zhang, Lotte Jacobs, Thomas Koeck, Petra Zuerbig, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Korbinian Brand, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Laura Olivi, Peter Verhamme, Christian Delles, Harald Mischak, Jan A. Staessen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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We investigate whether the urinary proteome refines the diagnosis of renal dysfunction, which affects over 10% of the adult population. We measured serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and 24-h albuminuria in 797 people randomly recruited from a population. We applied capillary electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry to measure multi-dimensional urinary proteomic classifiers developed for renal dysfunction (CKD273) or left ventricular dysfunction (HF1 and HF2). Renal function was followed up in 621 participants and the incidence of cardiovascular events in the whole study population. In multivariable-adjusted cross-sectional analyses, higher biomarker levels analysed separately or combined by principal component analysis into a single factor (SF), correlated (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.010) with worse renal function. Over 4.8 years, higher HF1 and SF predicted (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.014) lowering of eGFR; higher HF2 predicted (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.049) increase in serum creatinine and decrease eGFR. HF1, HF2 and SF predicted progression from CKD Stages 2 or a parts per thousand currency sign2 to Stage a parts per thousand yen3, with risk estimates for a 1-SD increment in the urinary biomarkers ranging from 38 to 71% (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.039). HF1, HF2 and SF yielded a net reclassification improvement of 31-51% (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.029). Over 6.1 years, 47 cardiovascular events occurred. HF2 and SF, independent of baseline eGFR, 24-h albuminuria and other covariables were significant predictors of cardiovascular complications with risk estimates for 1-SD increases ranging from 32 to 41% (P a parts per thousand currency sign 0.047). The urinary proteome refines the diagnosis of existing or progressing renal dysfunction and predicts cardiovascular complications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2260-2268
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


  • chronic kidney disease
  • eGFR
  • population science
  • renal function
  • urinary proteomics

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