The ToxBank Data Warehouse: Supporting the Replacement of In Vivo Repeated Dose Systemic Toxicity Testing

P. Kohonen, E. Benfenati, D. Bower, R. Ceder, M. Crump, K. Cross, R.C. Grafström, L. Healy, C. Helma, N. Jeliazkova, V. Jeliazkova, S. Maggioni, S. Miller, G. Myatt, M. Rautenberg, S. Stacey, E. Willighagen, J. Wiseman, B. Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the SEURAT-1 (Safety Evaluation Ultimately Replacing Animal Testing-1) research cluster, comprised of seven EU FP7 Health projects co-financed by Cosmetics Europe, is to generate a proof-of-concept to show how the latest technologies, systems toxicology and toxicogenomics can be combined to deliver a test replacement for repeated dose systemic toxicity testing on animals. The SEURAT-1 strategy is to adopt a mode-of-action framework to describe repeated dose toxicity, combining in vitro and in silico methods to derive predictions of in vivo toxicity responses. ToxBank is the cross-cluster infrastructure project whose activities include the development of a data warehouse to provide a web-accessible shared repository of research data and protocols, a physical compounds repository, reference or 'gold compounds' for use across the cluster (available via, and a reference resource for biomaterials. Core technologies used in the data warehouse include the ISA-Tab universal data exchange format, REpresentational State Transfer (REST) web services, the W3C Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the OpenTox standards. We describe the design of the data warehouse based on cluster requirements, the implementation based on open standards, and finally the underlying concepts and initial results of a data analysis utilizing public data related to the gold compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-63
Number of pages17
JournalMolecular Informatics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Toxicology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Repeated-dose toxicity testing
  • Alternative Testing Strategies
  • Toxicogenomics
  • Predictive toxicology
  • Electron transport
  • Redox chemistry
  • Oxidation
  • Gene expression
  • Data warehouse
  • Databases
  • Wikis
  • Cheminformatics
  • Cellular models
  • Semantic web
  • Reference compounds
  • OpenTox
  • SEURAT-1
  • ToxBank

Cite this

Kohonen, P., Benfenati, E., Bower, D., Ceder, R., Crump, M., Cross, K., Grafström, R. C., Healy, L., Helma, C., Jeliazkova, N., Jeliazkova, V., Maggioni, S., Miller, S., Myatt, G., Rautenberg, M., Stacey, S., Willighagen, E., Wiseman, J., & Hardy, B. (2013). The ToxBank Data Warehouse: Supporting the Replacement of In Vivo Repeated Dose Systemic Toxicity Testing. Molecular Informatics, 32(1), 47-63.