The Systematic Development of an Internet-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adults

Peter Dalum, Caroline Lyng Brandt, Lise Skov-Ettrup, Janne Tolstrup, Gerjo Kok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

ITALIC! Objectives The objective of this project was to determine whether intervention mapping is a suitable strategy for developing an Internet- and text message-based smoking cessation intervention. ITALIC! Method We used the Intervention Mapping framework for planning health promotion programs. After a needs assessment, we identified important changeable determinants of cessation behavior, specified objectives for the intervention, selected theoretical methods for meeting our objectives, and operationalized change methods into practical intervention strategies. ITALIC! Results We found that "social cognitive theory," the "transtheoretical model/stages of change," "self-regulation theory," and "appreciative inquiry" were relevant theories for smoking cessation interventions. From these theories, we selected modeling/behavioral journalism, feedback, planning coping responses/if-then statements, gain frame/positive imaging, consciousness-raising, helping relationships, stimulus control, and goal-setting as suitable methods for an Internet- and text-based adult smoking cessation program. Furthermore, we identified computer tailoring as a useful strategy for adapting the intervention to individual users. ITALIC! Conclusion The Intervention Mapping method, with a clear link between behavioral goals, theoretical methods, and practical strategies and materials, proved useful for systematic development of a digital smoking cessation intervention for adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-500
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Promotion Practice
Volume17
Issue number4
Early online date21 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Keywords

  • cessation
  • program planning and evaluation
  • behavior change theory
  • cancer prevention and control
  • health promotion
  • health research
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • HEALTH-PROMOTION
  • QUIT-SMOKING
  • DEPENDENCE
  • SMOKERS
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • METAANALYSIS
  • MESSAGES
  • PROGRAMS
  • EFFICACY

Cite this

Dalum, Peter ; Brandt, Caroline Lyng ; Skov-Ettrup, Lise ; Tolstrup, Janne ; Kok, Gerjo. / The Systematic Development of an Internet-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adults. In: Health Promotion Practice. 2016 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 490-500.
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The Systematic Development of an Internet-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adults. / Dalum, Peter; Brandt, Caroline Lyng; Skov-Ettrup, Lise; Tolstrup, Janne; Kok, Gerjo.

In: Health Promotion Practice, Vol. 17, No. 4, 07.2016, p. 490-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - The Systematic Development of an Internet-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adults

AU - Dalum, Peter

AU - Brandt, Caroline Lyng

AU - Skov-Ettrup, Lise

AU - Tolstrup, Janne

AU - Kok, Gerjo

N1 - © 2016 Society for Public Health Education.

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N2 - ITALIC! Objectives The objective of this project was to determine whether intervention mapping is a suitable strategy for developing an Internet- and text message-based smoking cessation intervention. ITALIC! Method We used the Intervention Mapping framework for planning health promotion programs. After a needs assessment, we identified important changeable determinants of cessation behavior, specified objectives for the intervention, selected theoretical methods for meeting our objectives, and operationalized change methods into practical intervention strategies. ITALIC! Results We found that "social cognitive theory," the "transtheoretical model/stages of change," "self-regulation theory," and "appreciative inquiry" were relevant theories for smoking cessation interventions. From these theories, we selected modeling/behavioral journalism, feedback, planning coping responses/if-then statements, gain frame/positive imaging, consciousness-raising, helping relationships, stimulus control, and goal-setting as suitable methods for an Internet- and text-based adult smoking cessation program. Furthermore, we identified computer tailoring as a useful strategy for adapting the intervention to individual users. ITALIC! Conclusion The Intervention Mapping method, with a clear link between behavioral goals, theoretical methods, and practical strategies and materials, proved useful for systematic development of a digital smoking cessation intervention for adults.

AB - ITALIC! Objectives The objective of this project was to determine whether intervention mapping is a suitable strategy for developing an Internet- and text message-based smoking cessation intervention. ITALIC! Method We used the Intervention Mapping framework for planning health promotion programs. After a needs assessment, we identified important changeable determinants of cessation behavior, specified objectives for the intervention, selected theoretical methods for meeting our objectives, and operationalized change methods into practical intervention strategies. ITALIC! Results We found that "social cognitive theory," the "transtheoretical model/stages of change," "self-regulation theory," and "appreciative inquiry" were relevant theories for smoking cessation interventions. From these theories, we selected modeling/behavioral journalism, feedback, planning coping responses/if-then statements, gain frame/positive imaging, consciousness-raising, helping relationships, stimulus control, and goal-setting as suitable methods for an Internet- and text-based adult smoking cessation program. Furthermore, we identified computer tailoring as a useful strategy for adapting the intervention to individual users. ITALIC! Conclusion The Intervention Mapping method, with a clear link between behavioral goals, theoretical methods, and practical strategies and materials, proved useful for systematic development of a digital smoking cessation intervention for adults.

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KW - QUESTIONNAIRE

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KW - MESSAGES

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