Background:Despite therapeutic advances, the prognosis of patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS) remains extremely poor. The results of a recent clinical phase II study, evaluating the protective effects of the semisynthetic flavonoid 7-mono-O-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-rutoside (monoHER) on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, suggest that monoHER enhances the antitumour activity of doxorubicin in STSs.Methods:To molecularly explain this unexpected finding, we investigated the effect of monoHER on the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin, and the potential involvement of glutathione (GSH) depletion and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) inactivation in the chemosensitising effect of monoHER.Results:MonoHER potentiated the antitumour activity of doxorubicin in the human liposarcoma cell line WLS-160. Moreover, the combination of monoHER with doxorubicin induced more apoptosis in WLS-160 cells compared with doxorubicin alone. MonoHER did not reduce intracellular GSH levels. On the other hand, monoHER pretreatment significantly reduced doxorubicin-induced NF-kappaB activation.Conclusion:These results suggest that reduction of doxorubicin-induced NF-kappaB activation by monoHER, which sensitises cancer cells to apoptosis, is involved in the chemosensitising effect of monoHER in human liposarcoma cells.
- soft tissue sarcoma
- nuclear factor-kappa B
- GLUTATHIONE DEPLETION
Jacobs, H., Bast, A., Peters, G. J., van der Vijgh, W. J. F., & Haenen, G. R. M. M. (2011). The semisynthetic flavonoid monoHER sensitises human soft tissue sarcoma cells to doxorubicin-induced apoptosis via inhibition of nuclear factor-kappaB. British Journal of Cancer, 104(3), 437-440. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6606065