The Role of the Netherlands in the European Framework for an International Response on Darfur during its Presidency in 2004-2005

F. Grünfeld, W. Vermeulen

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In this article, we discuss the role of the Netherlands with respect to the Darfur crisis during 2003–2005. From the moment the crisis broke out, the Netherlands was active as a major donor and tried to facilitate political solutions. During the period January 2004–July 2005, it functioned as the (acting) presidency of the Council of the European Union and was therefore involved in creating a common EU position. We discuss how policy was made while observing internal (domestic) and external (international) influences. We conclude that the Netherlands was partially successful in establishing a more active EU position regarding Darfur. However, we also find evidence that, eventually, the EU has lagged behind the response of the UN Security Council, despite being a major donor to emergency relief and the African Union mission in Sudan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-192
Number of pages27
JournalGenocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal
Issue number2
Early online date18 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2014

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