The role of standard non-ECG gated chest CT in cardiac assessment: design and rationale of the Cardiac Pathologies in standard chest CT (CaPaCT) study

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Modern high-performance computed tomography (CT) scanners with improved scan acquisition times now allow for routine assessment of cardiac pathologies on chest CTs, which can result in numerous incidental cardiac findings. The CaPaCT study, an observer blinded, single-centre study, aims to assess the visibility, management and possible clinical impact of incidental cardiac pathologies that are now becoming visible on standard chest CTs. A total of 217 consecutive patients referred for a chest CT on a high-performance third-generation dual-source CT scanner will be included. Tube voltage settings will be chosen via automated kV selection. Dedicated cardiac reconstructions will be added to the standard post-processing: 0.6-mm slice thickness, 0.4-mm increment and Bv36 kernel (iterative reconstruction/strength 3). Primary endpoints will be the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessed via a 17-segment model. These data will be collected and analysed by two experienced, blinded cardiac radiologists. Furthermore, information on aortic and mitral valve morphology/calcification and pericardial abnormalities will be collected. The CAD Reporting and Data System classification will subsequently be used to assess the management and possible clinical burden of any incidentally detected CAD. Additionally, objective and subjective image quality (attenuation, contrast-to-noise, signal-to-noise and 5-point Likert scale) of the obtained cardiac reconstructions will be assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Radiology Experimental
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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