The role of calcium phosphate surface structure in osteogenesis and the mechanisms involved

Dongqin Xiao, Jingwei Zhang, Chengdong Zhang, Davide Barbieri, Huipin Yuan, Lorenzo Moroni*, Gang Feng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Citations (Web of Science)
290 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Calcium phosphate (CaP) ceramics have been widely used for bone regeneration because of their ability to induce osteogenesis. Surface properties, including chemical composition and surface structure, are known to play a crucial role in osteoconduction and osteoinduction. This review systematically analyzes the effects of surface properties, in particular the surface structure, of CaP scaffolds on cell behavior and new bone formation. We also summarize the possible signaling pathways involved in the osteogenic differentiation of bone-related cells when cultured on surfaces with various structures in vitro. The significant immune response initiated by surface structure involved in osteogenic differentiation of cells is also discussed in this review. Taken together, the new biological principle for advanced biomaterials is not only to directly stimulate osteogenic differentiation of bone-related cells but also to modulate the immune response in vivo. Although the reaction mechanism responsible for bone formation induced by CaP surface structure is not clear yet, the insights on surface structure-mediated osteogenic differentiation and osteoimmunomodulation could aid the optimization of CaP-based biomaterials for bone regeneration.

Statement of Significance

CaP ceramics have similar inorganic composition with natural bone, which have been widely used for bone tissue scaffolds. CaP themselves are not osteoinductive; however, osteoinductive properties could be introduced to CaP materials by surface engineering. This paper systematically summarizes the effects of surface properties, especially surface structure, of CaP scaffolds on bone formation. Additionally, increasing evidence has proved that the bone healing process is not only affected by the osteogenic differentiation of bone-related cells, but also relevant to the the cooperation of immune system. Thus, we further review the possible signaling pathways involved in the osteogenic differentiation and immune response of cells cultured on scaffold surface. These insights into surface structure-mediated osteogenic differentiation and osteoimmunomodulated-based strategy could aid the optimization of CaP-based biomaterials. (C) 2020 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume106
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Calcium phosphate
  • Surface structure
  • Osteogenesis
  • Osteoimmunomodulation
  • Mechanism
  • BETA-TRICALCIUM PHOSPHATE
  • SMOOTH-MUSCLE-CELLS
  • POROUS HYDROXYAPATITE SCAFFOLDS
  • MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS
  • BOVINE SERUM-ALBUMIN
  • ACID MICRO-PATTERN
  • PROTEIN ADSORPTION
  • IN-VITRO
  • DIFFERENTIAL REGULATION
  • CERAMIC PARTICLES

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