The Right to be heard in European Union law and the international minimum standard: Due process, transparency and the rule of law

Research output: Working paper / PreprintWorking paper


The right to be heard is well known as a fundamental right of the European Union legal order. Less well known is its relation to customary international law predating international human rights law. This paper sets forth two arguments. First, the right to be heard enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU must be interpreted in conformity with the right to be heard as protected under the customary international minimum standard of treatment of aliens. Second, the latter standard implies that the right to be heard is an emanation of the broader concept of adjudicatory transparency, which is a primary aspect of the rule of law, with the extended implication that the right to be heard serves to enable individuals to participate in and influence adjudicatory decision-making by engaging in a rational dialogue with the decision-making authority.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationMaastricht
PublisherMaastricht University
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2018

Publication series

SeriesCERiM Online Paper Series

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