Phytosterols such as campesterol and sitosterol are susceptible to oxidation by reactive oxygen species. We hypothesize that the plant sterols (PS) campesterol and sitosterol and their 7-oxygenated metabolites (POPs) correlate within and between human plasma and aortic valve cusps tissues. Plasma and tissue concentrations of PS and POPs were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring. Prior to analysis valve cusps tissue was mechanically separated from the calcified parts. PS and POP levels per dry cusps tissue weight were significantly higher compared with the concentrations in the calcified part. Against our hypothesis we found that despite the fact that there is a high correlation between plant sterols in and between plasma and valves cusps tissue, as well as a high correlation between plant sterols and oxyphytosterols and oxyphytosterols themselves within the valve cusps tissue, there was hardly any correlation in the amount of oxyphytosterols in plasma and between plasma and valves. Because plasma samples are easily accessible for large scale population based studies, we have to understand in more detail what the analysis of POPs implies in terms of CVD risk for the future.
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|