The relationship between insight and violence in psychosis: a systematic literature review

Kerry Johanna Smith*, Gary Macpherson, Suzanne O'Rourke, Caroline Kelly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Poor insight is a risk factor for violence within established risk-assessment tools, yet its relationship to violence in people experiencing psychosis is unclear. To clarify this issue, we sought to systematically review studies investigating the relationship between poor insight and violence in psychosis. A systematic search of studies published between 1980 and 2019 was carried out using Pubmed, Embase, Medline, PsychInfo and CINAHL databases. From combined search results of 5701 articles, 18 observational studies met the inclusion criteria and were selected for full-text review and quality grading. Eight demonstrated a positive relationship between poor insight and violence whilst 10 failed to find this relationship. Significant methodological limitations were found across studies. Those measuring the clinical insight dimension specifically and reliably were most able to demonstrate a positive relationship between poor insight and violence. Choice of the measurement tool and co-variates such as psychopathy were found to influence this relationship. We, therefore, found partial evidence in support of a relationship between poor insight and violence in psychosis. In order to gain an enhanced understanding of this relationship, better quality research accounting for relevant co-variates and using appropriate measurement tools which target the ‘clinical’ insight dimension is required.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-221
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
Volume31
Issue number2
Early online date27 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Psychosis
  • insight
  • violence
  • schizophrenia
  • aggression
  • NEGATIVE SYNDROME SCALE
  • SCHIZOPHRENIC-PATIENTS
  • 1ST-EPISODE PSYCHOSIS
  • MEDICATION ADHERENCE
  • COGNITIVE INSIGHT
  • POSITIVE SYMPTOMS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • AGGRESSION
  • ILLNESS
  • PEOPLE

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