The relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and allergic sensitization in a random sample of school children

J.G. Amsterdam, N. Janssen, G. de Meer, P.H. Fischer, S. Nierkens, H. van Loveren, A. Opperhuizen, P.A. Steerenberg, B. Brunekreef

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Abstract

The relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and allergic sensitization in a random sample of school children.

van Amsterdam JG, Janssen NA, de Meer G, Fischer PH, Nierkens S, van Loveren H, Opperhuizen A, Steerenberg PA, Brunekreef B.

Laboratory of Health Effects Research, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. JGC.van.Amsterdam@rivm.nl

BACKGROUND: Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) has been proposed as novel a non-invasive marker of airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: The level of exhaled NO was determined in a random sample of school children (7-12 years old) with the aim of investigating the relationship between exhaled NO and sensitization to common allergens. RESULTS: In the 450 children tested by skin prick tests (SPT), the prevalence of sensitization was 29.5% (overall), 21.9% (sensitization to indoor allergens), and 15.0% (sensitization to outdoor allergens). Regression analysis showed that levels of exhaled nitric oxide were closely associated with various measures of sensitization to aeroallergens. Sensitization to indoor allergens was associated with higher levels of exhaled NO (eNO) than sensitization to outdoor allergens when assessed by IgE but not when assessed by SPT. Children with reported wheeze in the past 12 months had much stronger associations between sensitization and eNO than children without wheeze. CONCLUSION: We conclude that allergic sensitization is strongly associated with increased levels of exhaled NO, especially in children with wheeze
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-191
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

Cite this

Amsterdam, J. G., Janssen, N., de Meer, G., Fischer, P. H., Nierkens, S., van Loveren, H., Opperhuizen, A., Steerenberg, P. A., & Brunekreef, B. (2003). The relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and allergic sensitization in a random sample of school children. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 33(2), 187-191. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2222.2003.01597.x