The relationship between challenging behaviour and anxiety in adults with intellectual disabilities: a literature review

A.C. Pruijssers, B. van Meijel, M. Maaskant, W. Nijssen, T. van Achterberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundAnxiety and challenging behaviour (CB) often occur simultaneously in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Understanding the associations between anxiety and CB may contribute to more accurate diagnoses and management of both anxiety and CB in this population.

AimsTo examine the relationship between anxiety and CB.

MethodsA literature review covering the period from January 2000 to January 2012.

ResultsSeven studies about the relationship between psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, and CB were identified. These studies confirm the relationship between anxiety and CB in people with ID, although the precise nature of this relationship remains unclear.

ConclusionsThe study points toward the existence of a moderate association between anxiety and CB. Further research is needed to clarify the complex nature of the association between anxiety and CB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-171
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • challenging behaviour
  • intellectual disabilities
  • MENTAL-RETARDATION
  • PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS
  • DEVELOPMENTAL-DISABILITIES
  • LIFE EVENTS
  • PREVALENCE
  • POPULATION
  • SYMPTOMS
  • PEOPLE
  • HEALTH
  • ILLNESS

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