The relation between rumination and temporal features of emotion intensity

Maxime Résibois, Elise K. Kalokerinos, Gregory Verleysen, Peter Kuppens, Iven Van Mechelen, Philippe Fossati, Philippe Verduyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Intensity profiles of emotional experience over time have been found to differ primarily in explosiveness (i.e. whether the profile has a steep vs. a gentle start) and accumulation (i.e. whether intensity increases over time vs. goes back to baseline). However, the determinants of these temporal features remain poorly understood. In two studies, we examined whether emotion regulation strategies are predictive of the degree of explosiveness and accumulation of negative emotional episodes. Participants were asked to draw profiles reflecting changes in the intensity of emotions elicited either by negative social feedback in the lab (Study 1) or by negative events in daily life (Study 2). In addition, trait (Study 1 & 2), and state (Study 2) usage of a set of emotion regulation strategies was assessed. Multilevel analyses revealed that trait rumination (especially the brooding component) was positively associated with emotion accumulation (Study 1 & 2). State rumination was also positively associated with emotion accumulation and, to a lesser extent, with emotion explosiveness (Study 2). These results provide support for emotion regulation theories, which hypothesise that rumination is a central mechanism underlying the maintenance of negative emotions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-274
Number of pages16
JournalCognition & Emotion
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • STATES
  • NEGATIVE EMOTION
  • REACTIVITY
  • rumination
  • emotion regulation
  • RECOVERY
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • NEURAL BASES
  • Emotion dynamics
  • EXPERIENCE
  • STRESS
  • intensity profiles
  • DAILY-LIFE
  • DURATION

Cite this

Résibois, M., Kalokerinos, E. K., Verleysen, G., Kuppens, P., Van Mechelen, I., Fossati, P., & Verduyn, P. (2018). The relation between rumination and temporal features of emotion intensity. Cognition & Emotion, 32(2), 259-274. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2017.1298993