The QUality of Interhospital Transportation in the Euregion Meuse-Rhine (QUIT-EMR) score: a cross-validation study

U. Strauch*, M.C.D.M. Florack, J. Jansen, B.C.T. van Bussel, S.K. Beckers, J. Habers, B. Winkens, I.C.C. van der Horst, W.N.K.A. van Mook, D.C.J.J. Bergmans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives Interhospital transports of critically ill patients are high-risk medical interventions. Well-established parameters to quantify the quality of transports are currently lacking. We aimed to develop and cross-validate a score for interhospital transports. Setting An expert panel developed a score for interhospital transport by a Mobile Intensive Care Unit (MICU), the QUality of Interhospital Transportation in the Euregion Meuse-Rhine (QUIT-EMR) score. The QUIT-EMR score is an overall sum score that includes component scores of monitoring and intervention variables of the neurological (proxy for airway patency), respiratory and circulatory organ systems, ranging from -12 to +12. A score of 0 or higher defines an adequate transport. The QUIT-EMR score was tested to help to quantify the quality of transport. Participants One hundred adult patients were randomly included and the transport charts were independently reviewed and classified as adequate or inadequate by four transport experts (ie, anaesthetists/intensivists). Outcome measures Subsequently, the level of agreement between the QUIT-EMR score and expert classification was calculated using Gwet's AC(1). Results From April 2012 to May 2014, a total of 100 MICU transports were studied. The median (IQR) QUIT-EMR score was 1 (0-2). Experts classified six transports as inadequate. The percentage agreement between the QUIT-EMR score and experts' classification for adequate/inadequate transport ranged from 84% to 92% (Gwet's AC(1)0.81-0.91). The interobserver agreement between experts was 87% to 94% (Gwet's AC(1)0.89-0.98). Conclusion The QUIT-EMR score is a novel validated tool to score MICU transportation adequacy in future studies contributing to quality control and improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere051100
Number of pages8
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • adult intensive & critical care
  • quality in health care

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