The Psychosocial Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Chronic Care Patients

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Abstract

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound and pervasive impact on psychosocial health and disrupted care systems world-wide. Our research aims to assess the psychosocial impact of the pandemic and related changes in chronic care provision on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure.Design: A qualitative survey using semi-structured interviews was held among patients with COPD and heart failure.Setting and Participants: Using randomized sampling, 23 patients with COPD, heart failure, or both were recruited to participate in semi-structured interviews. Interviews were held by phone or videocall. The survey was held during the summer of 2021, when strict national containment strategies were widely implemented but gradually loosened and vaccination was ongoing.Methods: Inductive coding using Gioia's approach was used to analyze the data in Atlas.Ti 9.1 software. Using an iterative approach, the data were synthesized in a data structure and data table, which was analyzed using an interpretative approach.Results: We found 3 aggregate dimensions in which the COVID-19 pandemic has a negative impact on psychosocial health of patients with chronic disease: (1) perceived vulnerability to disease, (2) influence of health policy, and (3) a mismatch of supply and demand of health care. In these dimensions, the impact of the COVID-19 crisis was found to have a negative impact on psychosocial well-being, compounded by national strategies to contain the pandemic and a disruption of chronic care for patients.Conclusions and Implications: Health care providers should be aware of a multidimensional nature of psychosocial distress for chronic disease patients due to the COVID-19 crisis. Future practice and health policy could be improved by increasing awareness among health care providers, promote regular attention for psychosocial well-being of patients, provision of clear information related to the pandemic, and strategies to secure continuity of care. Results of this study might be further explored in larger studies.(c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-433.e2
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • psychosocial well-being
  • chronic care
  • patient experience
  • OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • TELEMEDICINE
  • OUTCOMES
  • ANXIETY

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