The ProtekDuo in ECMO configuration for ARDS secondary to COVID-19: A systematic review

Marc O Maybauer*, Massimo Capoccia, Dirk M Maybauer, Roberto Lorusso, Justyna Swol, Joseph M Brewer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)


OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the results of the ProtekDuo cannula applied for dedicated right ventricular support with oxygenator in ARDS secondary to COVID-19.

METHODS: Systematic literature search in NHS library, Medline (Pubmed) and EMBASE using appropriate keywords as well as PICOS and PRISMA approach.

RESULTS: Out of 285 publications found, 5 publications met the search criteria and were included in this review. A total of 194 patients with ARDS secondary to COVID-19 underwent ProtekDuo placement to establish a combination of respiratory [veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-V ECMO)] and right ventricular support. Patients treated using the ProtekDuo cannula had survival rates between 59% and 89% throughout the five studies, and a significant survival benefit when compared to an invasive ventilation group or compared to dual site V-V ECMO or other double lumen ECMO cannulas. One study focused on extubation and discontinuation of ventilator support, which could be achieved in 100% of ProtekDuo patients. An association for reduced incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and use of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) could be shown when the ProtekDuo was used.

CONCLUSION: Only limited literature is available for the ProtekDuo in V-P ECMO configuration in the setting of COVID-19 ARDS and should be interpreted with caution. Data on the ProtekDuo is suggestive for lower rates of mortality, AKI and CRRT as compared to other respiratory support modalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Issue number2
Early online date10 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

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