The prognostic value of the presence of pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph node metastases in cervical cancer patients; the influence of the new FIGO classification (stage IIIC).

K.G.G. van Kol*, R.M.F. Ebisch, M. van der Aa, H.B. Wenzel, J.M.J. Piek, R.L.M. Bekkers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction. One of the major changes in the revised (2018) FIGO-staging system is the addition of stage IIIC to the previously used 2009 system. We evaluated the prognostic value of positive pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph nodes in patients with cervical cancer.Methods. A nationwide retrospective cohort study was performed by analyzing data from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. All patients newly diagnosed with stage IB-IVA between 2005 and 2018 were identified. Three-year, 5-year and 15-year overall survival (OS) rates were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method.Results. Of the included 6082 patients, 1740 patients (29%) had pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph node metas-tases. For patients with FIGO 2009 stage IB-IB1-IIA-IIA1 and stage IB2-IIA2-IIB with pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph node metastases the OS was significantly different (p < 0.001 and p = 0.009), with a 5-year OS of 77% and 67%, compared with 92% and 74% for women without lymph node metastases. For FIGO 2009 stage IIIA-IIIB-IVA with and without lymph node metastases, survival rates are not significantly different (p = 0.064). For FIGO 2018 stage IIIC the 3y-OS, 5y-OS and 15-year OS are 72%, 65% and 59% respectively. Survival rates of IIIC diagnosed based on imaging (IIICr) are significantly impaired compared to stage IIIC diagnosed based on pathology (IIICp) (p < 0.001).Conclusion. Patients with FIGO 2009 stage IB-IIB cervical cancer with pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph node metastases have significantly impaired survival compared to patients without metastases. Survival rates of patients with FIGO 2009 stage IIIA-IVA are not affected by lymph node metastases.(c) 2023 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


  • Cervical cancer
  • FIGO
  • Lymph node metastases
  • Survival

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