Background: While a certain degree of tumor infiltration of the portal vein is common in patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) scheduled for surgery, complete tumor-associated portal vein occlusion (PVO) is less frequently observed. Here, we analyzed the impact of PVO on perioperative and oncological outcomes in pCCA patients. Methods: Between 2010 and 2019, 127 patients with pCCA underwent surgery in curative intent at our department of which 17.3% (22/127) presented with PVO. Extensive group comparisons were conducted and the association of cancer-specific (CSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) with PVO and other clinico-pathological characteristics were assessed using Cox regression models. Results: Patients without PVO showed a median CSS of 65 months (3-year-CSS = 64%, 5-year-CSS = 53%) compared to 31 months (3-year-CSS = 43%, 5-year-CSS = 17%) in patients with PVO (p = 0.025 log rank). Patients with PVO did also display significant perioperative mortality (22.7%, 5/22) compared to patients without PVO (14.3%, 15/105, p = 0.323). Further, PVO (CSS: HR = 5.25, p = 0.001; DFS: HR = 5.53, p = 0.001) was identified as independent predictors of oncological outcome. Conclusions: PVO has been identified as an important prognostic marker playing a role in inferior oncological outcome in patients with pCCA. As PVO is also associated with notable perioperative mortality, surgical therapy should be considered carefully in pCCA patients.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2021|
- CURATIVE-INTENT RESECTION
- HILAR CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA
- INTRAHEPATIC CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA
- VASCULAR RESECTION
- TISSUE FACTOR