The productive efficiency of community health service stations in China: Taking Shandong province as a case

L.J. Qiu, L.S. Yang, H.R. Li, L. Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study evaluated the efficiencies of community health service (CHS) stations based on a survey of 1246 CHS stations, covering nine subcategories in 16 cities in Shandong province. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) was applied to investigate the overall efficiency, the technical and the scale efficiency of community health care resources. The results are, the overall efficiency was 9.47%, and the overall efficiency was generally higher in the central-west region than in the east. There were 23.27% of CHS stations showing technically efficient. The technical efficiency was higher in the east (31.11%) relative to the central-west (19.72%), and 72.71% of CHS stations had a technical efficiency higher than the regional average efficiency. The scale efficiency was 9.31% for CHS stations in Shandong province, being the decisive factor for overall efficiency, and 68.96% of CHS stations showed a scale efficiency above the regional average. Stations held by enterprises and universities, and extended by tertiary hospitals had lower efficiencies than other types of CHS stations. In conclusion, the CHS stations had low efficiencies in general, and scale inefficiencies were the main cause. Related suggestions to improve the efficiency are provided accordingly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1477-1491
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Health Planning and Management
Issue number3
Early online date6 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • China
  • community health service station
  • data envelopment analysis
  • scale efficiency
  • technical efficiency
  • COST


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