The placental transport of [3H]vitamin K1 in rats

Karly Hamulyak, Marian A.G. De Boer-van den Berg, Henk H.W. Thijssen, H. Coenraad Hemker, Cees Vermeer

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    In this paper we describe the placental transport of [3H]vitamin K1 in pregnant rats during the first 24 h after the oral administration of the vitamin. Vitamin K1 in the fetal livers ranged from 0.13% (3 h) to 2% (24 h) of the values found in the corresponding maternal livers. In spite of the low placental transfer of vitamin K, we found no accumulation of coagulation factor precursors in the fetal rat liver microsomes as could be expected in vitamin K deficiency. Moreover, we could not demonstrate any difference between adult and fetal rat liver microsomes with regard to the sensitivity for warfarin. From these results we conclude that a substantial placental barrier exists for the transport of pharmacological amounts of vitamin K1 but that under physiological conditions sufficient vitamin K1 appears to be present in the fetal liver to ensure a full carboxylation reaction. The vitamin K-dependent carboxylase activity rate of adult and fetal rat liver microsomes was comparable, indicating that the newborn rat has an adequate carboxylating system.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)335-338
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1987

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