The Physical Environment of Nursing Homes for People with Dementia: Traditional Nursing Homes, Small-Scale Living Facilities, and Green Care Farms

Bram de Boer*, Hanneke C. Beerens, Melanie A. Katterbach, Martina Viduka, Bernadette M. Willemse, Hilde Verbeek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

It is well recognized that the physical environment is important for the well-being of people with dementia. This influences developments within the nursing home care sector where there is an increasing interest in supporting person-centered care by using the physical environment. Innovations in nursing home design often focus on small-scale and homelike care environments. This study investigated: (1) the physical environment of different types of nursing homes, comparing traditional nursing homes with small-scale living facilities and green care farms; and (2) how the physical environment was being used in practice in terms of the location, engagement and social interaction of residents. Two observational studies were carried out. Results indicate that the physical environment of small-scale living facilities for people with dementia has the potential to be beneficial for resident's daily life. However, having a potentially beneficial physical environment did not automatically lead to an optimal use of this environment, as some areas of a nursing home (e.g., outdoor areas) were not utilized. This study emphasizes the importance of nursing staff that provides residents with meaningful activities and stimulates residents to be active and use the physical environment to its full extent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137
Number of pages12
JournalHealthcare
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • physical environment/space
  • nursing homes
  • small-scale living
  • green care farms
  • engagement
  • social interaction
  • LONG-TERM-CARE
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • ACTIVITY INVOLVEMENT
  • SOCIAL-INTERACTION
  • RESIDENTS
  • HEALTH
  • DESIGN

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