The perspectives of people with dementia on their future, end of life and on being cared for by others: A qualitative study

S.R. Bolt*, J.T. van der Steen, C. Khemai, J.M.G.A. Schols, S.M.G. Zwakhalen, J.M.M. Meijers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aims and objectives To explore the perspectives of people with dementia on being cared for by others, on the future and on the end of life, and to evaluate the capability and willingness of participants to have these conversations.Background Awareness about perspectives of people with dementia should decrease stigmatisation and improve their quality of life. Applying palliative care principles from an early stage is important to address diverse needs and to anticipate the future. Few studies investigate perspectives of people with dementia regarding palliative care, including advance care planning.Design Qualitative descriptive design.Methods We performed in-depth interviews with 18 community-dwelling persons with dementia in South-Limburg, the Netherlands. Transcripts were analysed using an inductive content analysis. Two authors coded the data and regularly compared coding. All authors discussed abstraction into categories and themes. We followed the COREQ reporting guidelines.Results Five overarching themes derived from the interviews were as follows: (a) My life still has value and meaning, (b) I am my own unique individual, (c) I place my trust in other people, (d) The future worries me, and (e) I accept and embrace what life brings.Conclusions Participants' thoughts about the future and the end of life involved feelings of ambiguity and anxiety, but also of contentment and resignation. Despite worrying thoughts of decline, participants primarily demonstrated resilience and acceptance. They expressed appreciation and trust towards those who care for them. They wished to be recognised as unique and worthy humans, until the end of life.Relevance to clinical practice This study demonstrates capability and willingness of people with dementia to discuss the future and end-of-life topics. Public and professional awareness may facilitate opportunities for informal end-of-life discussions. Healthcare professionals should promote belongingness of persons with dementia and strive to build equal, trustful care relationships with them and their families.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1738-1752
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Issue number13-14
Early online date25 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • advance care planning
  • attitude to death
  • dementia
  • end-of-life care
  • family caregivers
  • nursing care
  • palliative care
  • qualitative research
  • quality of life


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