The percentage of residual DCIS in patients diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant systemic therapy: A nationwide retrospective study

R A W Ploumen*, K B M I Keymeulen, L F S Kooreman, S M J van Kuijk, S Siesling, M L Smidt, T J A van Nijnatten

*Corresponding author for this work

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3 Citations (Web of Science)


INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is increasingly applied in breast cancer to improve surgical and oncological outcome. Approximately 21% of patients receiving NST achieve pathological complete response (pCR) of the breast. There is disagreement on the definition of pCR with respect to residual DCIS (ypT0 versus ypT0/is). The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the percentage of breast pCR (ypT0) and residual DCIS (ypTis), and its association with clinicopathological variables, in patients treated with NST and surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with invasive breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, with or without targeted therapy, in the period of 2010-2019 were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR). Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to analyse the percentage of ypT0 and ypTis and its association with clinicopathological variables.

RESULTS: From the NCR database, 20495 patients were included, of whom 5847 (28.5%) achieved breast pCR (ypT0) and 881 (4.3%) showed residual DCIS (ypTis). The percentage of ypTis was highest in HER2+ tumour subtypes (ER+HER2+ 7.9%, ER-HER2+ 9.8%, ER+HER2- 2.1%, triple negative 3.3%, p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analyses demonstrated high tumour grade (OR 2.00, p = 0.003) and HER2+ tumour subtype (ER+HER2+ OR 3.58, ER-HER2+ OR 4.37, p < 0.001) as independent predictors for ypTis.

CONCLUSION: pCR (ypT0) was achieved in 5847 (28.5%) patients receiving NST and residual DCIS (ypTis) was found in 881 (4.3%) patients. Consequently, the rate of pCR may be affected by ypTis when not excluded from the definition. The percentage of ypTis is highest in HER2+ subtypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number1
Early online date22 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Neoadjuvant systemic therapy
  • Breast cancer
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ

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