The overlap between dissociative symptoms and symptom over-reporting

H. Merckelbach, T. Giesbrecht, D. Heugten-van der Kloet, J de Jong, T. Meyer, K. Rietman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The potential link between dissociative symptoms and symptom over-reporting has been given little attention. In two student samples (N's = 139 and 113) and a clinical sample (N = 21), we examined whether self-reported dissociative symptoms are related to symptom over-reporting. Methods: We relied on different measures of dissociation and over-reporting. In the clinical sample, we looked at whether the well-established link between dissociative symptoms and sleep disturbances would survive if we corrected for symptom over-reporting. Results: Dissociativity correlated with symptom over-reporting in the student samples, but not in the clinical sample. Correcting for over-reporting tendencies did not fundamentally alter the relationships between dissociative symptoms and sleep disturbances in the clinical sample. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the overlap between symptom over-reporting and dissociativity is much more a problem in nonclinical than in clinical samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychiatry
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Dissociative symptoms
  • Overreporting
  • Dissociative Experiences Scale
  • Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale
  • Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology
  • WORKING-MEMORY
  • DEPERSONALIZATION
  • EXPERIENCES
  • SCALE
  • PRONENESS
  • DISORDER
  • SLEEP

Cite this

Merckelbach, H., Giesbrecht, T., Heugten-van der Kloet, D., de Jong, J., Meyer, T., & Rietman, K. (2015). The overlap between dissociative symptoms and symptom over-reporting. European Journal of Psychiatry, 29(3), 165-172. https://doi.org/10.4321/S0213-61632015000300001