The negative effects of delays in information exchange: Looking at workplace relationships from an affective events perspective

H. Günter, I.H. van Emmerik, B.H.J. Schreurs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Although timely exchange of information is critical to organizations, it often fails to happen. In this paper, we present a conceptual framework for understanding how delays in information exchange negatively impact employee outcomes. Using affective events theory, delays are conceptualized as workplace events. In contrast to prior delay research, we adopt a temporal perspective for studying employees' experiences during a delay and how these experiences influence interpersonal behavior. We suggest that how employees appraise and experience delays depends, critically, upon the coworker and his or her behavior during the delay. We also identify a set of situational and dispositional factors that are important for predicting when delays in information exchange are likely to undermine coworker relationships and when they are not. Throughout the paper, we develop propositions to guide research and human resource management practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-298
JournalHuman Resource Management Review
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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