The modified Manchester Fothergill procedure compared with vaginal hysterectomy with low uterosacral ligament suspension in patients with pelvic organ prolapse: long-term outcome

Rosa A Enklaar*, Femke M F M Knapen, Sascha F M Schulten, Liesbeth A D M van Osch, Sanne A L van Leijsen, Ed T C M Gondrie, Mirjam Weemhoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to compare the long-term outcome between vaginal hysterectomy with low uterosacral ligament suspension (VH) and the modified Manchester Fothergill procedure (MF) as surgical treatment in patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We hypothesize that MF is non-inferior to VH in the long term.

METHODS: In this single-center retrospective cohort study patients who underwent MF or VH for primary apical compartment prolapse between 2003 and 2009 were eligible for inclusion. The primary outcome was subjective recurrence of POP. Secondary outcomes included number and type of reinterventions, time to reintervention and the degree of complaints.

RESULTS: One hundred sixty of 398 patients (53 MF, 107 VH) returned the questionnaires (40%). The mean follow-up was 12.97 years for MF and 13.24 years for VH (p = 0.38). There were similar rates of subjective POP recurrence (51% in both groups). The reintervention rate in the MF group was higher but reached no statistical significance [19/53 (36%) versus 29/107 (27%), p = 0.26]. Kaplan-Meier curve showed no statistically significant difference in risk of reintervention after MF at the maximum follow-up of 16.5 years [HR 1.830 (95% CI 0.934-3.586), p = 0.08]. The mean time to reintervention was 3 years shorter in the MF group (p = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: The subjective recurrence after MF is similar to VH in treatment of POP at the long term. MF appears to be non-inferior to VH when comparing the risk of reintervention. However, the small sample size precludes a definitive conclusion of non-inferiority, and future studies are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155–164
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume34
Issue number1
Early online date2 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • ATTITUDES
  • CERVICAL AMPUTATION
  • INCONTINENCE
  • Long-term outcome
  • Manchester Fothergill
  • PREVALENCE
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • SYMPTOMS
  • UROGENITAL DISTRESS INVENTORY
  • UTERINE PROLAPSE
  • Vaginal hysterectomy
  • WOMEN

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